South Africa: fast facts

South African facts at your fingertips . up-to-date information on the country's economy, population, climate, languages, education and more.

iSimangaliso Wetland Park: South Africa’s coastal jewel

The iSimangaliso Wetland Park is one of the jewels of South Africa's coastline, with a unique mosaic of ecosystems - swamps, lakes, beaches, coral reefs, wetlands, woodlands, coastal forests and grasslands - supporting an astounding diversity of animal, bird and marine life.
Community leaders, emergency workers and volunteers who helped save a community

Meet the women who fought the Knysna fires

In June this year, devastating fires laid waste to the Western Cape, particularly in the towns of Knysna and neighbouring Plettenberg Bay, where homes...
Sunflower

South Africa’s weather and climate

A subtropical location, moderated by ocean on two sides of the triangle-shaped country and the altitude of the interior plateau, account for the warm temperate conditions so typical of South Africa - and so popular with its foreign visitors.

Garden Route is now a biosphere reserve, says Unesco

The Garden Route in South Africa has been added, along with other areas around the world, to Unesco's list of biosphere reserves.Priya PitamberSouth Africa's...

South Africa’s geography

South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its long coastline stretching more than 2 500km from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic coast, southwards around the tip of Africa, then north to the border with subtropical Mozambique on the Indian Ocean.

The nine provinces of South Africa

South Africa has nine provinces, each with its own legislature, premier and executive council - and distinctive landscape, population, economy and climate.
Eastern Cape province

Eastern Cape province, South Africa

South Africa's Eastern Cape is a region of great natural beauty, from the rugged cliffs, rough seas and dense forest of the Wild Coast to the desolate Great Karoo, the fertile Langkloof, renowned for its rich apple harvests, and the mountainous southern Drakensberg region.

Free State province, South Africa

The Free State lies in the heart of South Africa, with the Kingdom of Lesotho nestling in the hollow of its bean-like shape. Lying between the Vaal River in the north and the Orange River in the south, the region is one of flat, rolling grassland and crop fields, rising to lovely sandstone mountains in the northeast.

Gauteng province, South Africa

With only 1.4% of South Africa's land area, the tiny province of Gauteng punches way above its weight, contributing around 34% to the national economy and some 7% to the GDP of the entire African continent.

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