HIV still carries a huge stigma, despite the many years it has been around and the masses of education undertaken by the public and private sectors. For the second year, Change the Stigma is seeking Positive Heroes to work to change the way people perceive those who are HIV-positive.
Cape Town's Zip Zap Circus works with HIV-positive youth. A concert in conjunction with Médecins Sans Frontières and the Treatment Action Campaign on World Aids Day will promote putting condoms in schools, sticking to your treatment and overturning the stigma of the virus.
Doctors, nurses, activists and policy makers have all been vital to Africa's HIV programmes, but supporting them every step of the way has been an army of dedicated community health workers and volunteers who care for people living with the disease.
• Board game makes Aids education fun
A South African team of researchers will soon lead a major follow-up clinical trial to confirm the effectiveness and safety of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide, which has been proven to reduce HIV infection in women.
• Major HIV prevention breakthrough